Ahhh this hemp flower smells like lemon!

What are terpenes? Have you ever wondered what is it that you really smell in cannabis plants? Perhaps you thought it is THC or CBD that gives it that skunky or tangy smell. Or maybe you just never spent enough time thinking about it. Yet, time after time when you smelled different hemp strains, the aromas were distinct, and, as often is the case, so were their euphoric and behavior-eliciting effects. Some cannabis strains and their smells attract and agree with a given user and others simply do not.

Terpenes take entourage center stage.

Cannabis flower and hemp oil aromas, stem from aromatic terpenes and a distinct chemical composition of the plant. The cannabis plant synthesizes phytocannabinoids and terpenes from geranyl phosphate inside the glandular trichomes that also produce cannabinoids. As such, phytocannabinoids and terpenes share a common parent molecule and can be considered to be half-siblings [1]. To date, over 1100 compounds, 200 plus of which are terpenes, have been identified in cannabis. Sadly, the majority of the terpenes are not found in most extracts due to the high volatility and the frequent use of heat or solvents during the extraction process. Some of the predominant terpenes in cannabis are limonene, linalool, pinene, myrcene, and beta caryophyllene [2].

Terpene molecules found in cannabis plants and Florance Hemp CBD Oil 150 and Hemp CBD Lozenges for instance, are not unique to cannabis, but are prevalent in other plants, roots, and fruits. For example, limonene is a terpene found in citrus and gives lemons or mandarins a related, but distinct smell. When inhaled through nostrils and mouth cavity, terpenes can activate parts of the brain that process olfactory (smell) information. The brain smell centers in turn are connected to the areas of the brain responsible for emotions, moods, and memories. Each one of the aromas activates distinct neuronal networks, thereby initiating distinct behavioral outputs. Certain smells, like peppermint or Florance Hemp CBD Mint Eucalyptus Lozenges, invigorate and boost energy levels, while others, like lavender or Florance Hemp CBD Oil 1500 hold calming properties. Through the linkage to the memory areas in the brain, smells can instantly evoke vivid moments of distant events correlated to those particular smells, and even generate strong emotions.

Terpenes, ingestion, topical applications.

We ingest terpenes every day by eating fruit and vegetables and other foods. It turns out that cannabis plants and extracts can be dominated or contain some terpenes in high concentrations. Can hemp cannabis terpenes be ingested? Yes, like with foods, hemp oils can also be ingested. When ingested through the mouth, terpenes can get absorbed into the entire body system or exert its effects locally within the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to ingestion, terpenes can also have significant effects through topical applications, acting on the skin cells or the nerve endings in the skin. Our skin contains cannabinoid and other receptors that are bound by terpenes.

Be it in a form of a medicinal extract, vaporizer, or topical cream, terpenes are clearly now at the epicenter of the cannabis world and a significant part of our Florance products and philosophy. Our growing understanding of various cannabis component functions, like terpenes, is evolving, as is the relationship between the cannabis plant and humans. The depth of this relationship stands to benefit not only humans, but the entire cannabis-related ecosystem.

* Limonene is a terpene that accounts for some cannabis strains having lemony aromas.

Edited 2018
Original Copyright Dr. JZ aka Dr. Jokubas Ziburkus (Canntelligence) 2016.

1. Russo, E.B., Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Br J Pharmacol, 2011. 163(7): p. 1344-64.
2. Russo, E.B. and J.M. McPartland, Cannabis is more than simply delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2003. 165(4): p. 431-2; author reply 433-4.